Small Cat Breeds: Description, Photos, Videos, Interesting Facts


Abyssinian cat

Abyssinians are very intelligent and very curious. They love to investigate and will not leave any point of your home indifferent and unexplored. They are sometimes called thieves because they tend to take things that attract their interest. The playful Abyssinian cat loves to jump and climb. Keep a variety of toys on hand, including puzzles, that challenge her intelligence.

This cat is always on the move, but sometimes it stops to curl up next to you on the couch or in bed. Despite her independence, she is better off living with another cat of the same kind in order to be active in the same way while the owner is not at home. Abyssinians love attention from their children and get along well with other cats as well as other pets like big parrots or ferrets.

The size: A cat weighs from 4 to 5 kg

Length of fur: Average

Color: Blush, red, blue, fawn

Life span: 9 to 15 years old

Pattern: The Abyssinians have a so-called “marked” coat, which alternates between light and dark stripes of color on each hair. The warm glow of their fur resembles wild cats, like cougars. The main colors of the Abyssinian coat are ruddy brown, red, blue, and fawn. However, some cats also come in other colors.

The body features: The Abyssinian has a wedge-shaped but rounded head with wide ears and almond-shaped eyes in shades of gold or green. Its body is muscular and athletic, yet slender and supported by fine leg bones.

History of the breed:

For the first time, the Abyssinian was exhibited in 1871 at a cat show in the Crystal Palace. He finished third. There are no records of the origin of that cat, but its owner said it was brought from Abyssinia (now Ethiopia) during the war. Although this story gives the breed its name, genetic tests have shown that the Abyssinians originated from the coastal regions of Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean, brought in by Euro-British and Dutch traders.

They were first brought to the United States in 1900, but the breeding program was not implemented until the 1930s. Most of the cats of this breed did not survive the extermination during the war in Europe, but thanks to their import into the United States, the breed returned to normal and grew steadily in popularity.

Breed facts:

  • Some call the Abyss “Cats of the Blue Nile”, believing that they are the sacred cat of the Egyptian pharaohs.
  • Others believe that the breed was created in Britain by crossing silver and brown striped stripes with ticked fur coats.
  • The Somali cat is a relative of the Byssinian cat.

Caring for the Abyssinians:

A weekly clipping is enough to preserve Abi’s coat, but you may need to brush and bathe more often during the seasons to keep the coat well-groomed.

Health:

Although responsible cat owners do their best to check for and correct genetic health problems, cats can still develop certain diseases. Abyssinians are at higher risk for the following diseases:

  • Early periodontal disease
  • Hyperesthesia syndrome
  • Dislocated knee
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Pyruvate kinase deficiency
  • Renal amyloidosis

American curl

The American Curl has distinctive curled ears that form a graceful arc for an alert, cheerful expression. This breed is known as the “Peter Pan” due to its retention of a kitten-like personality throughout its life. Curl has two types of coats: short-haired and long-haired. With its outstanding temperament, the Curl is a people-oriented breed, gentle and adaptable to other pets and children.

The size: Cat weighs from 3.5 to 5 kg

Length of fur: Short and semi-long

Color: White, black, blue, red, cream, chocolate, lilac and other shades

Breed facts:

The American Curl has an autosomal dominant ear curling gene that is responsible for the breed’s famous curled ears. Kittens are born with straight ears that begin to curl back after three to five days.

Cornish Rex

The size: Cat weighs from 3.5 to 4.5 kg

Length of fur: Short, very soft and silky

Color: White, black, blue, red, cream, chocolate, lavender, silver, smoky and other shades

With large ears, large eyes, and a wavy coat, the Cornish Rex has a distinctive appearance and an exceptionally silky coat, as it does not have the protective hairs of other breeds. This active cat has a small, whip-like body and loves to climb, jump and run. With cat pranks that last a lifetime, this cat loves to be where the action takes place. The Cornish Rex is perfect for those who want their cat to be involved in their family life.

Breed facts:

On July 21, 1950, in Cornwall, England, Nina Ennismore discovered that her domestic British shorthaired tortoiseshell white cat named “Serena” had given birth to a cream-colored male with narrow rows of tiny curls, similar to a miniature lamb. Annismore named the kitten “Kallibunker” and the Rex breed, as it resembled the wavy hair of the Astrex rabbits that she raised and displayed.

Devon rex

The Devon Rex is sometimes referred to as a poodle, which purrs because of its curly coat and wagging tail when happy. The Devon Rex, also known as the pixie of the feline world, has a pixel-like face and large, inquisitive eyes. This extraordinarily social cat is a wonderful family pet that gets along well with cats and dogs. A very active breed, the Devon Rex is known for its clown antics.

The size: Cat weighs from 3.5 to 4.5 kg

Length of fur: Short

Color: White, black, blue, red, cream, chocolate, lavender, cinnamon, and fawn, as well as various patterns and shades

Breed facts:

It was originally thought that the Devon Rex and Cornish Rex share the same spontaneous genetic mutation responsible for their curly coats. When breeders realized that cats had distinct genetic variations, the first Cornish Rex was named Hex I Rex, and the Devon Rex was named Genome II Rex.

Oriental cat breed

The Oriental cat is an elegant cat with large sparkling ears and almond-shaped eyes. A playful, energetic breed, the oriental cat has a strong personality. Cats of this breed usually form a close bond with one person. Those who have the oriental feelings she needs will find that she does everything to please them. It is a healthy breed that can live 15 years or longer.

The size: Cat weighs from 3.5 to 4.5 kg

Length of fur: Short, long

Color: Blue, chestnut, cream, black and others

Breed facts:

Originated in the 1950s, the oriental was selectively derived from the Siamese. The breed has two coat varieties, shorthaired and longhaired, both of which can appear in litters. The oriental longhaired coat is actually of medium length and is considered rare.

Peterbald

The Elegant Hairless Peterbald is an athletic breed that looks like it plays aerial ballet when it plays. This highly intelligent, the social cat gets along well with adults, children, dogs, and other pets, but doesn’t like being alone for long periods. Peterbald’s curiosity and energetic character are spectacular, and her affectionate disposition makes her a favorite companion.

The length of the coat ranges from smooth bald to short brushed coat. Kittens are usually born with hair, but they lose hair as they grow older, which can take up to two years. Despite the lack of hair, Petersbolds should be wiped regularly to remove the greasy oils that accumulate on their skin and can become sticky to the touch.

The size: Cat weighs from 3.5 to 4.5 kg

Length of fur: hairless

Russian blue cat breed

The Russian blue cat is gentle, quiet, and even shy among strangers, but she is affectionate and loyal to her people. She will follow you and even ride on your shoulder.

She can amuse herself by being at home alone but loves to play games with her masters. You can also see her jumping and climbing to watch everything from above. If you need an alarm clock, this cat relies on routine and wakes you up every morning to skip breakfast. She is tolerant of children and other pets.

The size: Cat weighs around 6 kg

Length of fur: Short

Color: Blue with silver tips. Although cats of this breed may be gray, this color is called blue at cat shows. Their tips are furry silver, so its coat shines in the light.

Life span: 10- 15 years

The body features:

The Russian blue has a unique body type. It is known as “semi-alien” and is found between short and dense breeds such as Persian and angular ones such as Siamese. She has a wedge-shaped head of medium size with large pointed ears. Its round, wide-set green eyes are stunning, and its long neck and sturdy muscular body are covered in a short, thick, plush coat.

Breed facts:

The exact origin of the breed is unknown, but many believe that these cats are native to Russia on the basis of their warm double coat. Russian blues probably arrived in England and Europe in the mid-1800s by boat from the continent. They were first shown in 1875 in London, competing with other blue cats. However, in 1912, they were given their own competition class.

After World War II, English Iskandinavian breeders worked to revive the breed by crossing the same breeds as the Blue British Shorthair and Siamese Blues. Later, North American breeders imported Russian feline breeds in order to achieve the best characteristics of each.

Some Russian blue kittens are born with a tinge of stripes known as “ghost stripes.” These stripes are a tribute to the tabby gene that all cats carry, although they usually disappear with age. The Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) only accepts Russian cats with blue coats, but other associations accept them in other colors, including white and black. Some believe that the breed originated from the cats of the Russian tsars. They are sometimes referred to as “Archangel Cats” after their origin on the Archangel Islands.

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